The Cat (Felis catus, SYN. Felis silvestris catus, literally “forest cat “), often referred to as the domestic cat to distinguish from other felids and felines, is a small and typically hairy, carnivorous mammal. It is often called housecat when kept as a pet in or wild/domestic feral cat when wild. It is often valued by human beings for communion and for their ability to hunt insects. There are more than 70 breeds of cats recognized by several records of cats.
The cats are similar in anatomy to other feloids, with a strong and flexible body, quick reflexes, sharp teeth and retractable claws adapted to the slaughter of small dams. CAT senses fit in twilight and predatory ecological niche. Cats can hear sounds that are too weak or too high in frequency for human ears, such as those made by mice and other small animals. You can see in the near darkness. Like most other mammals, cats have a poorer view of color and a better sense of smell than humans. Cats, despite being lone hunters, are a social species, and cat communication includes the use of a variety of vocalizations (mewing, purring, trilling, whistling, grunting and grunting) as well as cat pheromones and body language types. Cat-specific.
Cats have a high reproduction rate.  The controlled creation, can be produced and shown as registered pedigree animals, a hobby is known as Cat fantasy. The lack of control of the creation of pet cats by sterilization and castration, as well as the abandonment of the old pets, gave rise to a large number of wild cats around the world, demanding the control of the population. In certain areas outside the native scale of cats, this contributed, along with the destruction of habitat and other factors, to the extinction of large numbers type of birds. Cats are known to extirpate a type of bird within specific regions and may have contributed to the extinction of isolated island populations. It is believed that cats are the main responsible for the extinction of 87 type of birds, [and the presence of wild and free-range cats makes some appropriate places not suitable for the reintroduction of experienced species.