The domestic cat is a member of the family of cats, cats, which are a family of fast-moving mammals that share a common ancestor for only 10 million years old and include Lions, Tigers, Pumas and large numbers others. Within this family, domestic cats (Felis catus) are part of the genus Felis, which is a group of small cats that contain about seven type (depending on the classification scheme). Members of the genus are found worldwide and include the jungle cat (Felis Chaus), European Wildcat (f. silvestris silvestris), the African Wildcat (f. s. lybica), Chinese mountain cat (f. bieti) and cat litter (f. Margarita)), between other
It is believed that the domestic cat has evolved from the Wildcat of the Middle East, whose scope covers large portions of the Midwest to the Atlantic coast of Africa. Between 70,000 and 100,000 years ago, the animal has led to a genetic lineage that eventually produced every domesticated cats, having diverged at the nearby Wildcat East around 8,000 Bc in the Middle East.
First, it was classified as the domestic cat Felis catus Carl Linnaeus in the 10th edition of your Systema Naturae, published in 1758. Because cats, domestic modern phylogenetic are usually considered another subtype of the Wildcat, f. silvestris. This resulted in the joint use of the terms, as the domestic cat can be called by the name of the subspecies, Felis silvestris catus. Wildcats have also called several subtype of f.catus, nevertheless in 2003, the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature set the name for the Wildcats as f. silvestris. The most common name for the domestic cat is still f. catus. Sometimes, the domestic cat was called Felis domesticus, as proposed by the German naturalist j. c. p. Erxleben in 1777, nevertheless these are not valid taxonomic names and only rarely is used in the scientific literature. A population of feral cats Caucasus black was ranked once as the demon of Felis (Satunin 1904) nevertheless now this town is considered part of the domestic cat. In 2017, the task force of the IUCN CAT rating, by determination of 2003 by the ICZN, said that the domestic cat was a distinct species.