Walter Elias Disney (/ˈ dɪzni/; On December 5, 1901 – December 15, 1966) He was an entrepreneur, animator, voice actor and producer of American film. Pioneer of the American animation industry, he introduced several developments in the production of cartoons. As a movie producer, Disney holds the record for most of the Academy Awards won by an individual, having won 22 Oscar from 59 nominations. It was presented with two awards of the Golden Globe Special Achievement Awards and an Emmy Award, among other honors. Several of his films are included in the National Film Registry by the Library of Congress.
Born in Chicago in 1901, Disney developed an early interest in drawing. He took art classes as a child and got a job as a business illustrator at the age of 18. He moved to California at the beginning of 1920 and established the Disney Brothers Studio with his brother Roy. With UB Iwerks, Walt developed the Mickey Mouse character in 1928, his first very popular success; He also provided the voice for his creation in the early years. As the studio grew, Disney became more adventurous, introducing synchronized sound, Technicolor three stripes, color cartoons and technical developments on cameras. The results, seen in characteristics such as Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs (1937), Pinocchio, Fantasia (both 1940), Dumbo (1941), and Bambi (1942), encouraged the development of the animated film. The new animated and live action films followed after the Second World War, including Cinderella (1950) and Mary Poppins (1964), the last of whom received five Academy Awards.
At 1950, Disney expanded into the amusement park industry and, in 1955, opened Disneyland. To finance the diverse project in television programs such as Disneyland Walt Disney and the Mickey Mouse Club; He also participated in the planning of the Moscow 1959 fair, the 1960 Winter Olympics and the new York World Fair 1964. In 1965, it began the development of another theme park, Disney World, whose heart was to be a new type of city, the “Experimental prototype of the community of Tomorrow ” (EPCOT). Disney was a heavy smoker every his life, and died of lung cancer in December 1966 before the park or Epcot project was completed.
Disney was a shy, self-despised, insecure man in particular, nevertheless adopted a warm and outgoing public personality. He had high standards and high expectations of those he worked with. Although there were accusations that he was racist or anti-Semitic, large numbers who knew him contradiced him. His reputation changed in the years after his death, from a supplier of Home-Based patriotic values to a representative of the American imperialism. However, it remains an important figure in the history of animation and the cultural history of the United States, where it is considered a national cultural icon. His cinematographic work continues to be shown and adapted; Its namesake studio and company maintains high standards in its popular entertainment production, and Disney amusement parks have grown in size and number to attract visitors in several countries.